Why awaken the soul to justice if the only result can be to increase awareness of the futility of aspiring to justice in the world? Zwicky documents challenges to the belief that teaching philosophy will result in a fairer polity and suggests that perception of being’s integrity sustains pursuit of philosophy as a way of life.


philosophy as a way of life, teaching philosophy, politics, despair, Plato, Pierre Hadot, Karen Stenner, Tu Fu

How to cite:

Zwicky, Jan. “Frost and Snow.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 5, no. 1 (2021): 146-154. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2021.0010.


Jan Zwicky
Independent Scholar


Anderson, Cameron. “Why do Dominant Personalities Attain Influence in Face-to-Face Groups? The Competence-Signalling Effects of Trait Dominance.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96, no. 2 (2009): 491-503.

Glubb, John. The Fate of Empires and Search for Survival. Edinburgh: Blackwood & Sons, 1978.

Hadot, Pierre. “Philosophy as a Way of Life.” In Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault, 264-276. Edited by Arnold I. Davidson.  Translated by Michael Chase. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.

Havelock, Eric. “Why Was Socrates Tried?” In Studies in Honour of Gilbert Norwood, 95–109. The Phoenix Supplementary Vol. I. Edited by M.E. White. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Pogue, James. “The Art of Losing.” Harper’s 341, no. 2043 (August 2020): 25-34, https:// harpers.org/archive/2020/08/the-art-of-losing-kenosha-wisconsin-2020/.

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Rilke, Rainer Maria. “Archaïscher Torso Apollos.” In New Poems: The Other Part (1909). San Francisco: North Point, 1987 (1908).

Rorty, Richard. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Stenner, Karen and Jonathan Haidt. “Authoritarianism Is Not a Momentary Madness, But an Eternal Dynamic Within Liberal Democracies.” In Can It Happen Here?: Authoritarianism in America, 175–219. Edited by Cass Sunstein. New York: HarperCollins, 2018.

Stenner, Karen. “Authoritarianism: The Terrifying Trait that Trump Triggers.” Interview conducted by Tom Jacobs. Pacific Standard, 26 March 2018, https://psmag.com/ news/authoritarianism-the-terrifying-trait-that-trump-triggers.

Tu Fu. “Night in the House by the River.” Translated by Kenneth Rexroth. In Kenneth Rexroth, One Hundred Poems from the Chinese. New York: New Directions, 1971.

Open Access Statement:

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.