2018-02Thematic Section
Experience, Depression and Decision-Making


The aim of the article is to discuss the specifics of human actions and decision-making processes from the psychopathological perspective. The concepts of action and decision making are reported in the context of human experience and the experiential structure of self-determination. The starting point is provided by considerations related to the notion of mental illness as described by Lennart Nordenfelt, as well as Antoni Kępiński’s concept of informational metabolism. The consequences of and changes to decision-making processes in mental disorders will be presented on the example of depressive experience. Decision-making process can be understood in terms of three-dimensional pre-reflexive experience that undergoes changes in depressive patients: space of possibility, sense of agency and time experience. The analysis will allow us to better understand the structure of experience attributable to people suffering from depression.


psychopathology, experience, depression, decision-making, Antoni Kępiński, Lennart Nordenfelt

How to cite:

Kapusta, Andrzej. “Experience, Depression and Decision-Making.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 2, no. 2(4) (2018): 15–26. https://doi.org/10.26319/4713.


Andrzej Kapusta
Institute of Philosophy, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
pl. Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 4, 20-031 Lublin, Poland


Bortolotti, Lisa. Delusions and Other Irrational Beliefs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Ceklarz, Jan. “Rewizja koncepcji metabolizmu informacyjnego Antoniego Kępińskiego.” Psychiatria Polska 52, no. 1 (2018): 165–173. https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/65751.

Fuchs, Thomas. “Depression, Intercorporeality and Interaffectivity.” Journal of Consciousness Studies 20, no. 7–8 (2013): 219–238.

Fuchs, Thomas. “Temporality and Psychopathology.” Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12, no. 1 (2013): 75–104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11097-010-9189-4.

Fuchs, Thomas. Hindmarch, Thomas, Matthew Hotopf, and Gareth S. Owen. “Depression and Decision-Making Capacity for Treatment or Research: a Systematic Review.” Medical Ethics 54, no. 15 (2013): 287-295. https://doi:10.1186/1472-6939-14-54.

Kapusta, Andrzej. “Life Circle, Time and the Self in Antoni Kępiński’s Concept of Information Metabolism.” Filosofija. Sociologija/Philosophy. Sociology, no. 1 (2007): 30–33.

Kapusta, Andrzej. “Understanding in Psychopathology and Engaged Epistemology.” Kultura i Wartości 8, no. 4 (2013): 149–160.

Kępiński, Antoni. Melancholia. Warszawa: Państwowy Zakład Wydawnictw Lekarskich, 1977.

Kępiński, Antoni. Psychopatie. Warszawa: Państwowy Zakład Wydawnictw Lekarskich, 1977.

Meynen, Garben. “Depression, Possibilities, and Competence: a Phenomenological Perspective.” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32, no. 3(2011): 181–193. https://doi:10.1007/s11017-010-9171-8.

Moskalewicz, Marcin. “Toward a Unified View of Time: Erwin W. Straus’ Phenomenological Psycho-pathology of Temporal Experience.” Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17, no. 1 (2018): 65–80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11097-016-9494-7.

Nordenfelt, Lennart. On the Nature of Health. An Action-Theoretic Approach. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1987.

Nordenfelt, Lennart. Rationality and Compulsion: Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Owen, Garethet S., Fabian Freyenhagen, Matthew Hotopf, Wayne Martin. “Temporal Inabilities and Decision-Making Capacity in depression.” Phenomenology & the Cognitive Sciences 14, no. 1 (2015): 163–182.

Pickard, Hanna. “Psychopathology and the Ability to do Otherwise.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90, no. 1 (2013): 135–163.

Radden, Jeriffen. The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Ratcliffe, Matthew, Achim Stephan, eds. Depression, Emotion and the Self: Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2014.

Ratcliffe, Matthew. Experiences of Depression: A Study in Phenomenology. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2015.

Ratcliffe, Matthew. Feelings of Being: Phenomenology, Psychiatry and the Sense of Reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Sass, Louis A. and Elizabeth Pienkos. “Space, Time and Atmosphere: A Comparative Phenomenology of Melancholia, Mania and Schizophrenia, Part II”. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20, no. 7–8 (2013): 131–152.

Schlimme, Jann E. “Depressive Habituality and Altered Valuings. The Phenomenology of Depressed Mental Life.”Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 44, no. 1 (2013): 92–118. https://doi.org: 10.1163/15691624-12341246.

Schlimme, Jann E. “Sense of Self-Determination and the Suicidal Experience. A Phenomenological Approach.” Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16, no. 2 (2013): 211–223. https://doi:10.1007/s11019-011-9358-4.

Slaby, Jan, Asena Paskaleva, and Achim Stephan. “Enactive emotion and Impaires Agency in Depression.” In Depression, Emotion and the Self: Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, edited by Matthew Ratcliffe, Achim Stephan, 33–58. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2014.

Solomon, Robert C. True To Our Feelings: What our Emotions Are Really Telling Us. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2007.

Straus Erwin. “The Experience of Time in Endogenous Depression and in the Psychopathic Depressive State.” In The Maudsley Reader in Phenomenological Psychiatry, edited by Matthew R. Broome, Robert Harland, S. Owen, Argyris Stringaris, 207–214. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2013).

Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, Jakub. “Antoni Kępiński’s Philosophy of Medicine – an alternative reading.” In Folia Philo- sophica. Ethica – Aesthetica – Practica 28, no. 2 (2016), 23-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.18778/0208-6107.28.04.

Open Access Statement:

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.

situs slothttps://disdukcapil.salatiga.go.id/ngacor/slot gacortotomacau4dsitus totositus totositus totoslot gacorsitus togelsitus totoagen totositus togelsitus totositus togel resmislot gacorslot gacorslot gacorbento4d