This paper examines philosophy as a way of life in a time of crisis by focusing on Buddhism, envisioned as a path exercising the faculty of “mindfulness.” From this standpoint of “Buddhist philosophy as mindful exercise,” and following the Kyōto School’s inspiration of engaging a dialogue with Western traditions, including modern psychology and medicine, the paper reflects upon the role of philosophy during this critical period. In response to the contemporary fragmentation of knowledge, it conceives creatively a set of core principles in the form of maxims – to be examined and adapted by each potentially interested individual – as tools to retain vital information, organize reflection, and reorient one’s attention and destiny. Structured according to the Buddhist categories of view, meditation, and conduct, this collection of maxims serves to articulate the organic movement that goes back and forth between the distinctions made in philosophical discourse and the unity of lived philosophy.
Buddhism, mindfulness, meditation, memory, attention, care, wisdom
How to cite:
Deroche, Marc-Henri. “Living Mindfully Through Crisis: Searching for Life Advice in the “Philosophy-Medicine” of Buddhism.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 5, no. 1 (2021): 50-69. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2021.0004.
Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability, Kyoto University,
〒606-8501 Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi, Japan
Anālayo. Satipaṭṭhāna: The Direct Path to Realization. Cambridge, UK: Windhorse Publications, 2003.
Ānandajoti, Bhikkhu, ed. and trans. Dhamma Verses. Dhammapada. Online publication, 2017: https://www.ancient-buddhist-texts.net/Texts-and-Translations/Dhammapada/index.htm.
Bugault, Guy. La notion de “prajñā” ou de sapience selon les perspectives du “Mahāyāna.” Part de la connaissance et de l’inconnaissance dans l’anagogie bouddhique. Paris: Publications de l’Institut de Civilisation Indienne, Éditions E. de Boccard, 1982 (1968).
Citton, Yves. Médiarchie. Paris: Seuil, 2017.
Citton, Yves. Pour une écologie de l’attention. Paris: Seuil, 2014.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2008.
Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. The Evolving Self: A Psychology for the Third Millennium. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1993.
Debord, Guy. La société du spectacle. Paris: Gallimard, 1992 (1967).
Deroche, Marc-Henri. “The Conversion of Attention: Mindfulness in Classical Dzogchen.” Philosophy East and West 71, no. 4 (forthcoming 2021). Early release electronic platform: https://doi.org/10.1353/pew.0.0198.
Deroche, Marc-Henri. “Mindful Wisdom: The Path Integrating Memory, Judgment, and Attention.” Asian Philosophy 31, no. 1 (January 2021): 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/09552367.2021.1875610.
Deroche, Marc-Henri. “Buddhist Philosophy as a Way of Life: Perspectives on the Three Wisdoms from Tibet and Japan.” In Reasons and Lives in Buddhist Traditions. Studies in Honor of Matthew Kapstein, edited by Dan Arnold, Cécile Ducher, & Pierre-Julien Harter, 277-90. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2019.
Epictetus. Discourses. Translated by George Long. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1904.
Epictetus. How to be Free. An Ancient Guide to Stoic Life. Encheiridion and Selections from Discourses. Translated by A.A. Long. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2018.
Gazzaley, Adam, and Larry D. Rosen. The Distracted Mind: Ancient Brains in a High-Tech World. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2016.
Gethin, Rupert. The Foundations of Buddhism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Gethin, Rupert. “The Mātikas: Memorization, Mindfulness, and the List.” In In the Mirror of Memory: Reflections on Mindfulness and Remembrance in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, edited by Janet Gyatso, 149-72. New York: State University of New York Press, 1992.
Hadot, Pierre. Discours et mode de vie philosophique. Préface, textes réunis et présentés par Xavie Pie. Biographie par Philippe Hoffman. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2014.
Hadot, Pierre. What is Ancient Philosophy? Translated by Michael Chase. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002.
Henry, Michel. La barbarie. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2014.
Hsu, Elisabeth, and Chris Low, eds. Wind, Life, Health. Anthropological and Historical Perspectives. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.
Kabat-Zinn, Jon. Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness. New York: Bantam Books, 2013.
Kapstein, Matthew. Reason’s Traces. Identity and Interpretation in Indian and Tibetan Buddhist Thought. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001.
Larchet, Jean-Claude. Malades des nouveaux médias. Paris: Cerf, 2016.
La Vallée Poussin, Louis de. L’Abhidharmakośa de Vasubhandu. Traduit et annoté par Louis de la Vallée Poussin. 6 Vols. Paris: Paul Geuthner & Louvain: J.-B. ISTAS, Société belge d’études orientales, 1923-1931.
Longchenpa. Finding Rest in the Nature of the Mind: Trilogy of Rest, Vol. 1. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. Boulder: Shambhala, 2017.
Lutz, Antoine, Heleen A. Slagter, John D. Dunne, and Richard J. Davidson. “Attention Regulation and Monitoring in Meditation.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12, no. 4 (April 2008): 163–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2008.01.005.
Matsumoto, Hiroshi. “Mottainai (勿体無), Mittomonai (知恥), Katajikenai (忝).” 楽友 Raku-Yu. Kyoto University Newsletter 18 (Autumn 2010), 1.
McKeown, Greg. Essentialism: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less. New York: Crown Business, 2014.
Maspero, Henri. Le taoïsme et les religions chinoises. Paris: Gallimard, 1971.
Morin, Edgar. 1999. Seven Complex Lessons in Education for the Future. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.
Nishitani, Keiji. “The Standpoint of Zen.” Translated by John C. Maraldo. The Eastern Buddhist 17, no. 1 (Spring 1984): 1-26.
Ñaṇamoli, Bhikkhu, and Bhikkhu Bodhi, trans. The Middle Length of Discourses of the Buddha: A New Translation of the Majjhima Nikāya. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995.
Peterson, Christopher, and Martin E.P. Seligman. Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Plato. Complete Works, edited with Introduction and Notes by John M. Cooper. Indianapolis/ Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, 1997.
Salguero, C. Pierce, ed. Buddhism and Medicine. An Anthology of Premodern Sources. New York: Columbia, 2017. https://doi.org/10.7312/salg17994.
Salguero, C. Pierce. Buddhism and Medicine. An Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Sources. New York: Columbia, 2019. https://doi.org/10.7312/salg18936.
Segal, Zindel, Mark Williams, and John Teasdale. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression. 2nd ed. New York: The Guilford Press, 2013.
Suzuki, Daisetz T. Zen and Japanese Culture. Tokyo/Rutland, Vermont/Singapore: Tuttle Publishing, 1988.
Thubten, Jinpa, trans. Mind Training. The Great Collection. Boston: Wisdom Publications, The Library of Tibetan Classics, 2006.
Westerhoff, Jan. The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198732662.001.0001.
Open Access Statement:
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.