Paul Ricoeur uncovered the creative aspect of language in his theory of metaphor. The metaphor is a special combination of words that as a clash of distant semantic fields forces the reader to interpret the sentence in a new way and see things in a new light. It is a process in which the imagination plays an important role. Ricoeur compares the metaphor to the Kantian schema which is a procedure to provide an image to a concept. The image helps in the process of assimilating distant elements and thus to achieve a new interpretation. To change perspective the suspension of reference (imaginary neutralization) is also needed. The aim of this essay is to analyze the imaginative functions which are operative in the metaphor and look for an answer to the question about the role of the imagination as a productive power as well as a power of internal intuitions.
metaphor, imagination, schema, Ricoeur, Kant
How to cite:
Weichert, Katarzyna. “The Role of Image and Imagination in Paul Ricoeur’s Metaphor Theory.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 3, no. 1(7) (2019): 64–77. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2019.0005.
Institute of Philosophy, University of Warsaw
Krakowskie Przedmieście 3, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
Aristotle. The Art of Rhetoric. Translated by John Henry Freese. London, New York: William Heinemann, 1926. https://doi.org/10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-art_rhetoric.1926.
Aristotle. Poetics. Translated by Samuel Henry Butcher. New York, London: Macmillan and Company, 1904.
Berger, Hans. Figures of a Changing World. New York: Fordham University Press, 2015. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1287gfz.
Boehm, Gottfried . “Zu einer Hermeneutik des Bildes.” In Die Hermeneutik un die Wissenschaften. Edited by Hans-Georg Gadamer, 444–471. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1978.
Black, Max. “Metaphor.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 55 (1954–1955): 273–294. https://studfiles.net/ preview/4538325/. https://doi.org/10.1093/aristotelian/55.1.273.
Black, Max. “More about Metaphor.” In Metaphor and Thought, edited by Andrew Ortony. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Chomsky, Noam. “Three Models for the Description of Language,” IRE Transactions on Information Theory 2, no. 3 (1956): 113–124. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIT.1956.1056813.
Davidson, Donald. “What Metaphors Mean.” Critical Inquiry 1, no. 5 (1978): 235–246. http://hartzog.org/j/davidsonmetaphor.pdf. https://doi.org/10.1086/447971.
Hester, Marcus. “Obrazowość i wolne skojarzenia.” Translated by Józef Japola. Pamiętnik Literacki 62 (1971): 235–246.
Husserl, Edmund. Experience and Judgment. Translated by James Churchill, Karl Ameriks. London: Routledge, 1973.
Kant, Immanuel. Kant’s Critique of Judgement. Second Edition. Translated by J.H. Bernard. London: Macmillan and Company, 1914.
Makkreel, Rudolf. Imagination and Interpretation in Kant. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
Ricoeur, Paul. “The Function of Fiction in Shaping Reality.” Man and World 12 (1979): 123–141. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01252461.
Ricoeur, Paul. Interpretation Theory. Preface by Ted Klein. Fort Worth, Texas: The Texas Christian University Press, 1976.
Ricoeur, Paul. “The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling.” Critical Inquiry 1, no. 5 (1978): 143–159. https://www.humanities.uci.edu/poeticshistorytheory/user_files/Ricoeur.pdf
Ricoeur, Paul. The Rule of Metaphor. Translated by Robert Czerny, Kathleen McLaughlin, and John Costello. New York, London: Routledge, 1977.
Ricoeur, Paul. Time and Narrative. volume I. Translated by Kathleen McLauglin and David Pellauer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.
Rilke, Rainer Maria. Poems. Translated by Jessie Lemont, 1918. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Poems_of_Rainer_Maria_Rilke_(1918)
Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Philosophical Investigations. Translated by Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1986.
Open Access Statement:
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.