2017-01Forum
Time as the Source of Inalienable Freedom: Henri Bergson’s “Immunizing” the Self

Abstract

The paper looks at the idea of grounding human freedom in selfhood, with particular attention to the strategies of “denaturalizing” time, resulting in its separation into different modalities. The perspective of practical philosophy, interested in accounting for and making legitimate the spontaneous first person assumption of being a free agent, is enriched with some historical references to different ontological and anthropological attempts at inscribing verticality or transcendence into the human self in order to secure to this self what is called here inalienable freedom. The paper focuses on some elements of Henri Bergson’s thought and tries to reinterpret them in terms of an example of a modern, anti-reductionist “immunization” of the triad of freedom – self – humanity. It also emphasizes the emancipatory potential and the novelty of Bergson’s conception of the human self.

Keywords

human self, freedom, temporality, endurance, transcendence, Henri Bergson

How to cite

Kremplewska, Katarzyna. “Time as the Source of Inalienable Freedom: Henri Bergson’s “Immunizing” the Self.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 1, no. 1 (2017): 76–88. https://doi.org/10.26319/EIDOS-001-TIME.

Author

Katarzyna Kremplewska
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw

References

Auxier, Randall E. “Image and Act: Bergson’s Ontology and Aesthetics.”, Sztuka i Filozofia, 45 (2014).

Barnard, G. William. Living Consciousness. The Metaphysical Vision of Henri Bergson. Albany, New York: SUNY Press, 2011.

Benjamin, Walter. „Fate and Character” In Walter Benjamin, Selected Writings 1913–1926, vol. 1, edited by Marcus Bullock and Michael W. Jennings. Harvard: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Bergson, Henri. Henri Bergson. Key Writings, edited by Keith Ansell Pearsona and John O’Maoilearca, London, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014.

Bergson, Henri. The Two Sources of Morality and Religion. Translated by R. Audra, C. Breretn. London: Macmillan and Co., 1935.

Bergson, Henri. Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness. Translated by Frank Lubecki Pogson. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1910.

Bergson, Henri. Matter and Memory. Translated by Nancy Margaret Paul and W. Scott Palmer. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1911.

Bouton, Christofe. Time and Freedom, Translated by Christopher McCann. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2014, l6l.

Canales, Jimena. The Physicist and the Philosopher: Einstein, Bergson, and the Debate that Changed Our Understanding of Time. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.

Deleuze, Gilles. Bergsonism. Translated by H. Tomlinson and B. Habberjam. New York: Zone Books, 1988.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. “The Over-Soul.” In  Essays and Poems. New York: The Library of America, 1996.

Heidegger, Martin. The Basic Problems of Phenomenology. Translated by Albert Hofstadter. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1988.

Ricoeur, Paul. Memory, History, Forgetting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Santayana, George. Dominations and Powers. New York: Scribner’s, 1951.

Skarga, Barbara. Czas i trwanie. Studia o Bergsonie  (Time and durèe. A study on Bergson). Warszawa: PWN, 2014.

Taylor, Charles. The Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Open Access Statement

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license without losing his or her copyright to the text.