The paper offers a glimpse at the diversity of what is labelled Philosophy of Culture, and then brings out some important issues concerning culture (aristocratic vs democratic vision, genealogical unification vs respect of heterogeneity, relevance vs irrelevance of social and historical approach). The first section expounds etho-analysis as a way of doing philosophy of culture, introducing the notions of solicitator, sensance and ethos. It also gives an idea of how its program has been conducted with respect to love or truth. Etho-analysis describes the ideal part of culture, interpreting it as revealed by concrete practice. The second section discusses whether and how far etho-analysis embraces the cause of truth and validates the scholastic tradition which has provided tools for it. Etho-analysis claims to formulate true descriptions. It understands meaning as unfolding its complication thanks to traditional tools, and recognizes the ethical significance of the community of science.
Levinas, etho-analysis, truth, practice, culture, Frege, Husserl
How to cite:
Salanskis, Jean-Michel. “Truth, Practice, and Philosophy of Culture.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 4, no. 4 (2020): 7-18. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2020.0051.
Department of Philosophy, University of Paris Nanterre
200 avenue de la République, 92001 Nanterre Cedex, France
Adorno, Theodor, and Max Horkheimer. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Philosophical Fragments. Translated by Edmund Jephcott. Edited by Gunzelin Schmid Noerr. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.
Chomsky, Noam. Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton 1957. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783112316009.
Frege, Gottlieb. The Foundations of Arithmetic: A Logico-Mathematical Enquiry into the Concept of Number. Translated by J. L. Austin. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1950.
Gadamer, Hans Georg. Truth and Method. Translated by Joel Weinsheimer and Donald G. Marshall. Bloomsbury Academic, 2004.
Habermas, Jürgen. The Theory of Communicative Action. Vol. 2. Translated by Thomas McCarthy. Beacon Press, 1984.
Honneth, Axel. The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts. Translated by Joel Anderson. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995.
Husserl, Edmund. Formal and Transcendental Logic. Translated by Dorion Cairns. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1969. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-4900-8.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. Harper Perennial, 2006.
Levinas, Emmanuel. “Le mot je, le mot tu, le mot Dieu.” Le Monde, March 19/20, 1978.
Levinas, Emmanuel. Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence, trans. Alphonso Lingis. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press, 1998.
Levinas, Emmanuel. Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority. Translated by Alphonso Lingis. XanEdu Publishing, 1969.
Lyotard, Jean-Francois. The Differend: Phrases in Dispute. Translated by Georges Van Den Abbeele. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1988.
McIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1980.
Ricoeur, Paul. Time and Narrative (Temps et Récit), 3 Volumes. Translated by Kathleen McLaughlin and David Pellauer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984, 1985, 1988.
Russell, Bertrand. Logic and Knowledge: Essays 1901–1950. Edited by Robert C. Marsh. London: George Allen & Unwin., 1958.
Salanskis, Jean-Michel. L’herméneutique formelle. Paris: Klincksieck, 2013.
Salanskis, Jean-Michel. Partages du sens. Nanterre: Presses Universitaires de Paris Nanterre, 2014.
Salanskis, Jean-Michel. Sens et philosophie du sens. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 2001.
Salanskis, Jean-Michel. Territoires du sens. Paris: Vrin, 2007
Salanskis, Jean-Michel. La voie idéale. Paris: PUF, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3917/puf.salan.2019.01.
Williams, Bernard. Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Open Access Statement:
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.