2020-02Thematic Section
Understanding Obstacles in Psychiatric Research: An Analysis of the Structure of Mood via Merleau-Ponty

Abstract:

It is no secret that the methodology within psychiatric research has been challenged to the point of a possible paradigm shift. After decades of failed attempts to determine biological markers for the mental illnesses classified by the Diagnostic Statistical Manual, we are witnessing a radical transformation of the way we think about mental illness. While research seems to be on the right track by migrating from a discrete categorical approach to a dimensional matrix of the neurobiological conditions responsible for cognition, there are concerns that the neurosciences involved in the development of this dimensional framework will be unable to arrive at a diagnostic system appropriate for clinicians. Consequently, it has been suggested that researchers and clinicians should develop distinct ontologies. I argue that such an approach will not do justice to the complexity of mental illness and offer insight into the applicability of a phenomenological approach in psychiatric research.

Keywords:

philosophy of psychiatry, Merleau-Ponty, phenomenology, Diagnostic Statistical Manual, Research Domain Criteria, mood disorders

How to cite:

Cacciatore, Raymond. “Understanding Obstacles in Psychiatric Research: An Analysis of the Structure of Mood via Merleau-Ponty.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 4, no. 2 (2020):  39-51. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2020.0015.

Author:

Raymond Cacciatore
Department of Philosophy, Concordia University
1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W.
Montreal, Quebec, H3G 1M8, Canada
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7407-8340
raymondcacciatore95@gmail.com

References:

Bluhm, Robyn. “The Need for New Ontologies in Psychiatry.” Philosophical Explorations 20, no. 2 (2017): 146-159. https://doi.org/10.1080/13869795.2017.1312498.

Fernandez, Anthony Vincent. “Phenomenological Psychopathology and Psychiatric Classifications.” In The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology, edited by Giovanni Stanghellini, Matthew R. Broome, Anthony Vincent Fernandez, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Andrea Raballo, and René Rosfort. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019.

First, Michael B. “Current State of Psychiatric Nosology.” In Computation Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness, edited by David A. Redish and Joshua A. Gordon. London: MIT Press, 2016.

Fuchs, Thomas. “Corporealized and Disembodied Minds.” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 12, no. 2 (2005): 95-107.

Fuchs, Thomas. Ecology of the Brain: The Phenomenology and Biology of the Embodied Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199646883.001.0001.

Galatzer-Levy, Isaac R., and Richard A. Bryant. “636,120 Ways to Have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.” Perspectives in Psychological Science 8, no. 6 (2013): 651-662. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691613504115.

Lupien, Sonia J., et al. “The DSM5/RDoC Debate on the Future of Mental Health Research: Implication for Studies on Human Stress and Presentation of the Signature Bank.” Stress: The International Journal on the Biology of Stress 20, no. 1 (2017): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2017.1286324.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. Phenomenology of Perception. Translated by Donald A. Landes. New York: Routledge, 2012. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203720714.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. The Structure of Behaviour. Translated by Alden L. Fisher. Boston: Beacon Press, 1963.

Minkowski, Eugène. Lived Time: Phenomenological and Psychopathological Studies. Translated by Nancy Metzel. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1970.

Ratcliffe, Matthew. “Existential Feeling and Psychopathology.” Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 16, no. 2 (2009): 179-194.

Ratcliffe, Matthew. Experiences of Depression: A Study in Phenomenology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Smolik, Petr. “Validity of Nosological Classification.” Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience 1, no. 3 (1999): 185-190.

Sullivan, Jacqueline. “Stabilizing Mental Disorders: Prospects and Problems.” In Classifying Psychopathology: Mental Kinds and Natural Kinds, edited by Harold Kineaid and Jacqueline Sullivan. Cambridge: MIT Press, (2014).

Open Access Statement:

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.