A Mexican Research Fellow at the Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Trained as an anthropologist in Mexico, Bartra earned his doctorate in sociology at la Sorbonne in Paris. Bartra is well known for his work on Mexican identity in his book The Cage of Melancholy: Identity and Metamorphosis in the Mexican Character (1992), his social theory on modern political forms of legitimization developed in his book The Imaginary Networks of Political Power (2012) and for his studies on the myth of the wild men that can be found in his two books, The Artificial Savage: Modern Myths of the Wild Man (1992) and Wild Men in the Looking Glass: The Mythic Origins of European Otherness(1997). Recently, Bartra developed his theory on the exocerebrum presented in Anthropology of the brain. Consciousness, culture, and free will (2014).