The aim of this essay is to give a general and accessible overview of the so called “post-secular” turn in the contemporary humanities. The main idea behind it is that it constitutes an answer to the crisis of the secular grand narratives of modernity: the Hegelian narrative of the immanent progress of the Spirit, as well as the enlightenmental narrative of universal emancipation. The post-secularist thinkers come in three variations which this essay names as Enlightenmental, Traditional, and Revolutionary. The first camp wishes to reconceptualize the place of religion in the seemingly secularized modern paradigm and see if revelation can cooperate with enlightenment, that is, if it can support the modern emancipatory values in the dangerous moment of their “crisis of legitimation.” The second one emphasizes the need to recover the institutional aspect of Christian theology which must be reinstated once again as the “queen of the sciences,” or as the true “invisible hand” operating behind social theories. And the third party, which simultaneously opposes both, enlightenment and tradition, revolves mostly around the “revolutionary figure” of Saint Paul and constitutes a radically leftist answer to the crisis of Marxism with its scientific insight into the objective laws of history.
post-secularism, enlightenment, tradition, revolution, Marranism, nihilism, naturalism, indifferentism
How to cite:
Bielik-Robson, Agata. “The Post-Secular Turn: Enlightenment, Tradition, Revolution.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 3, no. 3(9) (2019): 57-82. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2019.0031.
Theology & Religious Studies, University of Nottingham
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences
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