PhD, teaches philosophy at Westminster College in New Wilmington, Pennsylvania. He has previously taught at Allegheny College, Bowie State University, Mercyhurst University, and Case Western Reserve University. His research focuses on the consequences of the sciences of life and mind on our self-conception as conscious, free, and morally-responsible selves. He is co-editor of Pragmatist Neurophilosophy (Bloomsbury), and Neuroscience, Neurophilosophy, and Pragmatism (Palgrave Macmillan). He is currently working on the intersection of neuroscience and democratic culture, specifically regarding the effects of social media, digital devices, big data, and artificial intelligence.