The literary work of Stanisław I. Witkiewicz (Witkacy), whose world career began in the fifties of the last century, is considered today in many aspects as precursory to postmodernism. In his dramas and novels, this is manifested in the creation of characters who are internally broken up, who act like deregulated human machines and who are unable to control their own drives. These motifs are also reflected in the writer’s broken identity, which is torn apart by contradictions (“knots”) and which constantly doubles itself. In my article, I demonstrate to what extent this obsession with his own double is rooted in the instrumental treatment of Witkacy by his father, who wanted to see in his son a perfect artistic embodiment of himself. The whole of Witkacy’s work, considered from this perspective, is a rebellion against his father, expressed in the (futile) desperate attempts to break away from being his better copy, his double.
double, father, identity, psychoanalysis, knot, schizoid, Maciej
How to cite:
Dybel, Paweł. “Witkacy and His Doppelgängers.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 3, no. 4(10) (2019): 55-66. https://doi.org/10.14394/eidos.jpc.2019.0042.
Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences
72 Nowy Świat Street, 00-330 Warsaw, Poland
Bauman, Zygmunt. Modernity and Ambivalence. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Gerould, Daniel. Witkiewicz Reader. Edited and translated by Daniel Gerould. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1992.
Gerould, Daniel. Witkacy: Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz as an Imaginative Writer. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981.
Leszczyński, Jan. “Filozof metafizycznego niepokoju.” In Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz – Człowiek i twórca, edited by Tadeusz Kotarbiński i Jerzy Eugeniusz Płomieński. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy 1957.
Okołowicz, Stefan. “Introduction.” In Przeciw Nicości. Edited by Ewa Franczak and Stefan Okołowicz. Kraków: Wydawnicto Literackie, 1986.
Vattimo, Gianni. The End of Modernity: Nihilism and Hermeneutics in Post-modern Culture. Translated by John R. Snyder. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1991.
Vattimo, Gianni. Nietzsche: Philosophy as Cultural Criticism. Translated by Nicholas Martin. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.
Witkiewicz, Stanisław. Listy do syna. Edited by Bożena Danek-Wojnarowska and Anna Micińska. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1969.
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy. 622 upadki Bunga. Edited by Anna Micińska. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1972.
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy. Listy, Vol. 1. Edited by Tomasz Pawlak. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 2013.
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy. Niemyte dusze. Edited by Anna Micińska. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1975.
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy. Nienasycenie. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1992.
Witkiewicz, Stanisław Ignacy. Pożegnanie jesieni. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, 1998.
Open Access Statement:
This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.