2018-02Discussion Papers, Comments, Book Reviews
Cultural Values and Mental Health: A Manifesto for International Values-based Practice


This article sets out a manifesto for the development of an international values-based practice fully engaged with the diversity of cultural values and implemented through the resources of the international movement in philosophy and psychiatry. Anticipated by mid-twentieth century ordinary language philosophy of the “Oxford School,” the last three decades have witnessed a remarkable flowering of cross-disciplinary work between philosophy and psychiatry. The article indicates the scope and scale of this work and then describes the emergence of contemporary values-based practice as its philosophy-into-practice cutting edge. Values-based practice although originating in philosophy and psychiatry is currently being developed mainly in areas of bodily medicine such as surgery. As such, it has been criticized for focusing, as contemporary health care has largely focused, on the individual at the expense of cultural values. Hence arises the need for extending values-based practice internationally. The resources available from international philosophy and psychiatry for so extending values-based practice are outlined and some of the challenges are indicated. The article concludes with the hope that psychiatry in supporting the development of international values-based practice will by the same token take poll position in the development of contemporary science-led clinical care.


health care, philosophy, philosophy and psychiatry, ordinary language philosophy, science, psychiatry, values, values-based practice

How to cite:

Fulford, K.W.M. (Bill). “Cultural Values and Mental Health: A Manifesto for International Values-based Practice.” Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 2, no. 2(4) (2018): 136–147. https://doi.org/10.26319/4722.


K.W.M. (Bill) Fulford
Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford
Radcliffe Observatory Quarter 555, Woodstock Road, Oxford, OX2 6GG, United Kingdom;
Collaborating Centre for Values-based Practice, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford
St Catherine’s College, Manor Road, Oxford, OX1 3UJ, United Kingdom

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Submitting a text to Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture means that the author agrees with the general conditions of this license. The author does and will maintain copyrights and publishing rights for his/her article without any restrictions.

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